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Bread Loaf School of English

Browse library resources for the Bread Loaf School of English (

What are reference sources?

Reference sources include encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, directories, and other succinct background or factual materials to aid in research. Use reference sources to:

  • Find a succinct overview of a topic. 
  • Help you identify a topic to explore in depth.
  • Access quick, reliable facts.
  • Find bibliographies that will lead you to detailed studies.


Dictionaries & Thesauri

Handbooks & Guides

Biographical Information


Critical Dictionaries

Critical Dictionaries (online)