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History - United States

A guide to library and quality web resources useful for U.S. history research

Why Use Reference Works?

Reference works include encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, directories, and other succinct background or factual materials to aid in research.

  • They may give you a succinct overview of a topic. 
  • They may help you identify a topic to explore in depth.
  • They may provide quick, reliable facts.
  • They may include bibliographies that will lead you to detailed studies.

Online Reference (Multiple Works)

Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Handbooks

Encyclopedias, handbooks, and "companions" can give you background information (written by academics) and ideas for research topics.  Many includes bibliographies which cite key sources.  For print encyclopedias, browse Reference E - F591.

Chronologies & Timetables

Biographical Resources