Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

History - African & Middle Eastern

A guide to library and quality web resources useful for Africa & Mideast history research

Why Use Reference Works?

Reference works include encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, directories, and other succinct background or factual materials to aid in research.

  • They may give you a succinct overview of a topic. 
  • They may help you identify a topic to explore in depth.
  • They may provide quick, reliable facts.
  • They may include bibliographies that will lead you to detailed studies.

Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, & Handbooks

Bilingual Dictionaries

oxford language dictionaries online database link

Atlases & Maps

Biographical Information

Country History Overviews

Statistics