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Political Science

A guide to library and quality web resources useful for political science research

Citation Help

When you use the words, ideas, or creations of someone else, cite them. To make it easier to keep track of your sources, try a citation tool like Zotero. Not sure how to properly format your citations? The Citation Guide gives you detailed guidelines for all of the major citation styles. Political Science generally uses Chicago / APSA style

citation guide link


Which Style Does Political Science Use?

 go/chicagoPolitical Science generally uses Chicago Style or American Political Science Association style (based on Chicago).  There are 2 Chicago Manual of Style systems:

Notes & Bibliography System
Use this system if you want to use footnotes. More common in arts & humanities fields.

Author/Date System
Use this system if you are mostly using in-text, parenthetical citations (not footnotes). More common in sciences and social sciences.


Quick Guide to Chicago
Gives quick examples for both systems

APSA Style Manual for Political Science

Not sure which system to use?
Ask your professor.

Legal Citations

Annotated Bibliographies

Zotero (Citation Tool / Manager)


Organize your research aZotero logo and linknd automatically create bibliographies in MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian, and more. Zotero is free tool you download and use with a connector for Firefox, Chrome or Safari.

Download: Zotero website

Learn More: Midd Zotero Guide

Zotero Word Plugin

Watch how easy it is to add references to your paper using Zotero and Microsoft Word.

Ask a Middlebury Librarian